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DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

Stomach, Liver, Gallbladder, Pancreas, Small Intestines, Ileocecal Valve and Large Intestine, are the main organs of this system.

Esophagus (food pipe) passes through the diaphragm, and its lower end is connected with the stomach. Diaphragm is a thin muscular wall, acting as a partition to separate cavities of chest and abdomen, horizontally.

Food passing through esophagus, enters the stomach, where it is chemically and mechanically processed and converted into a thin mash. This mash then enters the small intestines. The first portion of small intestines is called

Digestive system
Duodenum
Digestive juices secreted by Liver, Gallbladder and Pancreas are discharged into the duodenum through a duct, and mixed with food. Here the digestion of food is nearly completed and the nutrients are absorbed and delivered to the blood. The residue of undigested food moves further through the length of small intestines, enters the ascending colon (first portion of Large Intestine) through ileocecal valve. It is further pushed through transverse colon (middle portion of Large Intestine), descending colon (last portion of Large Intestine) sigmoid colon, and finally thrown out of body through rectum, the end of large intestine.

Stomach
It is located high in the abdomen on left side, under diaphragm and is about 10 inches long.

Gastric acids secreted by the stomach walls mix with the food during its two to three hour stay in the stomach and convert it into a thin, semi liquid mash.

A stomach Ulcer is an open sore on the mucus lining of the stomach wall. If blood circulation to stomach is obstructed for any reason, the powerful acids secreted in the stomach damage the lining of the wall and an ulcer is created. Some ulcers result from malfunction of the Pituitary and Adrenal glands.

Liver
It occupies the upper right side of the abdominal cavity. It is the largest organ regarding its size, weight and functions. About 6” wide, 8” long, it weights about 3 lbs in adults. Its principal function is to produce bile, a chemical, which lubricates the digestive tract digests the fats in food, prevents constipation. It also stores up sugar within itself for future uses.

Malfunction of Liver may cause loss of appetite, constipation, jaundice, gallstones, diabetes, etc., In the case of Varicose Veins, wherein the veins get swollen and painful, malfunction of liver may be involved.
Acupressure Digestive system
Gallbladder
It is embedded in the liver and in size about 4 inches long and 1 inch wide. It stores the surplus bile, produced by the liver, and releases it when needed in the system.

Its malfunction can result in the formation of Gallstones due to crystallization of fat particles.

Small Intestines
They are accommodated in the middle portion of the abdominal cavity. They are about 20 feet long with about 1 inch diameter. The upper end of small intestines, called “Duodenum” is connected with the stomach and receives food from the stomach in a semi-liquid form. The digestive juices from liver and pancreas, which are discharged in this portion of small intestines, mix with the food and its digestion is nearly completed here. Nutrients from the food are absorbed by small projections, called Villi, all around the wall of intestines, and delivered to blood.

IleoCecal Valve
It is the opening from the small intestines into the large intestines (Colon). It is a sort of connecting Valve preventing the back-flow of the matter that has entered into the colon.

Area around ileocecal valve is responsible for controlling mucus, which is a clear fluid, forming a protective barrier on the lining of the walls.

Problems of Allergy, Sinus, Lungs, etc. are associated with the mucus.

Large Intestines (Colon)
Its end connected with the ileocecal valve on the right side of the body, ascends vertically upwards (Ascending Colon), then turns to the left horizontally (Transverse Colon) and finally descends vertically downwards (Descending Colon). It is thus accommodated around the small intestines. Its lower portion forms a little curve called the Sigmoid Colon. Here the forward movement of the faeces (waste residue of digested food) is sometimes obstructed creating constipation problems. The end of the large intestines is the rectum, from which the faeces are thrown out of the body.

Size of the large intestines is about 2 inches in diameter and 5 feet in length.

The residue or wastes from the food, entering the colon from the ileocecal valve ravels through the entire length of the colon till it is thrown out from the body. During this journey, the colon absorbs water and electrolytes from the waste materials. Bacterias in the colon help decay the waste. Waste material spends 10 to 20 hours in colon.

Improper function of colon may cause Varicose Veins, Cramps or pain in legs, constipation or Diarrhea, Hemorrhoids (Piles) etc.
acupressuretherapist
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