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FUNCTIONS OF SOME IMPORTANT ORGANS OF OUR BODY

To bring relief to an ailing person, it is beneficial to understand how different organs of the body work. It helps to sort out the particular organ responsible for some particular ailment. Hence, we try to provide briefly some information regarding functioning of some important organs, in the following pages.

IMPORTANT GLANDS

Pituitary
It is located in the head, at its mid point, at the base of brain, and is about half-inch in diameter in size. It produces a number of hormones, regulates metabolism (rate at which cells work), keeps other glands in harmony, effects growth of body, water balance, arteries, blood pressure, sexual maturation and reproduction. It is known as Master gland or King gland. It may be involved in case of fever, fainting, etc.

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Pineal
It is located in the head near the pituitary, smaller in size that pituitary. It controls development of other glands.

Thyroid
It is located in front of the neck, in two lobes, one on either side of wind pipe, just at the bottom of Adam's apple. Size about two inches square. It contains Iodine as trace element. It controls metabolism, development of sex organs, bone growth, calcium level, skin health, cholesterol level (cholesterol is fat like substance the arteries). Defective functioning of this gland can cause dryness of skin, hardening of arteries, swellings in face. The degree of thyroid activity makes one either active or dull, mentally fresh or depressed, abnormally gaining weight or losing weight.

Parathyroid
It is embedded in the thyroid gland. It controls levels of calcium and phosphorous in blood. Its defective functioning may cause blood clotting, cramps, difficulty in nerve and muscle operations.

Thymus
Located just below thyroid, behind the upper part of breastbone. It controls the immune system of the body. Plays an important role during the childhood particularly.

Adrenals
Located on the top of kidneys. Very important gland, with about fifty functions interrelated with other glands and regulated by pituitary. It stimulates heart action, influences the involuntary muscles like heart and digestive muscles, blood-sugar level, water and mineral balance. Relaxes air passage in lungs, stimulates breathing, prepares the body for action and resistance, develops fighting spirit and self-confidence. Controls sodium contents in the system.

Defective functioning of these glands may cause inflammation, fatigue, asthma, arthritis, allergy, low blood pressure, muscular disorders, etc.

Pancreas
Located in the back of stomach, 6 to 8 inches long, major portion on the left side of the body. It produces pancreatic juice, which is discharged in the intestine, essential to convert consumed starch into sugar, fats into fatty acids, proteins into amino acids. It thus helps digestion.

It secretes insulin which controls the sugar level. Thus, its malfunction is responsible for indigestion, diabetes (high blood-sugar level), hypoglycemia (low blood-sugar level), etc.
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Sex glands and organs (Gonads)

Male Prostate, Testicles, Penis.
Female Uterus, Ovaries, Fallopian tubes.

They are all located below waist line and their reflexes are on the sides of feet, near ankles.

Prostate It encircles the neck of urethra (outlet tube for urine). Its secretions neutralizes acid suspension of sperm, thus increases chances of fertilization for reproductive purposes.Enlarged or swollen prostate can create difficulty and pain in passing urine.
Uterus, Ovaries, Fallopian tubes, Testicles, Penis. These are reproductive organs and glands. They produce certain sex hormones, closely related with pituitary's functioning. They develop personality, effect the growth of an individual, are connected with sex-motivation. They, not only start life in a new body (baby), but also play a big part in rejuvenation of our bodies,keeping the cells of our organs young, vigorous and healthy.
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